StrangeArk blog
Cryptozoology, BioForteana, Zoological Oddities, Unusual Natural History

Cryptid Guide

South and Central American Cryptids

Primate: Man-sized apes
Reported from Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, and Chile.
Heuvelmans 1986

Primate: Peruvian chimp-sized ape (Isnachi)
Reported from Peru
Hocking 1992, Hocking 1993-1996

Bear: Large black bear (Milne)
Reported from Peru and Columbia
Heuvelmans 1986, Shuker 1997

Bear: Reddish-furred bear
Reported from lower eastern Andean range
Shuker 1997

Bear: Pygmy brown bear
Reported from Peru
Hocking 1993-1996

Andean Wolf
Reported from the Andes
Heuvelmans 1986

Dog-like Cat (or Cat-like Dog)
Reported from Bolivia by Fawcett
Shuker 1998d

Feline: Onza
Reported from Mexico
Heuvelmans 1986; Shuker 1989

Feline: Giant Black Panther
Reported from Peru
Hocking 1992

Feline: Speckled "Tiger"
Reported from Peru
Hocking 1992, Hocking 1993-1996

Feline: Striped "Tiger"
Reported from Peru
Hocking 1992, Hocking 1993-1996

Feline: Jungle Wildcat
This is a small species, supposedly capable of hunting in packs
Reported from Peru
Hocking 1992

Feline: Warracabba Tigers
Small species, supposedly capable of hunting in packs
Reported from Guyana
Shuker 1989

Feline: "social jungle cat"
Small brown species, travels in small packs
Reported from Ecuador
Forés 1999+

Feline: Jungle "Lion"
Reported from Peru
Hocking 1993-1996

Feline: Large gray cat ("tapir tiger")
Reported from Ecuador
Forés 1999+

Feline: "Rainbow Tiger"
Reported from Ecuador
Forés 1999+

Feline: "Water Tiger"
Reported from Ecuador
Forés 1999+

Feline: Mexican "ruffed cat"
Reported from Mexico
Bille 1995

Feline: Anomalous "leopard-spotted" Jaguar
Reported from Peru
Hocking 1993-1996

Feline: Saber-tooth cat (or marsupial counterpart)
Reported from Colombia and Ecuador
Heuvelmans 1986; Shuker 1995b; Shuker 1989

Feline: Introduced Tigers
Reported from Honduras
Shuker 1989

Aquatic Mammal
12-foot long animal similar to a seal or manatee
Reported from Lake Titicaca, Peru
Heuvelmans 1986

Small aquatic mammal
Photographed in Ecuadorian shop
Forés 1999+

Nesophontid Insectivore
Reported from Hispaniola
Supposedly extinct, possibly fresh skeletal remains found in owl pellet
Shuker 1998d

Undescribed Peccary
Reported from Ecuador
Forés 1999+

Undescribed Peccary
Reported from the Brazilian Amazon by van Roosmalen
News report 2005

Undescribed Tapir
Reported from Brazil
Shuker 1998d

Ground Sloth
Reported from Patagonia, and in equatorial forests
Heuvelmans 1986

Bats: Oversized vampire bats
Reported from Brazil's Ribeira Valley
Shuker 1998d

Dwarf Sirenian
Reported from the Brazilian Amazon by van Roosmalen
News report 2005

Bird: Black Guan, wattle-less
Reported from Peru
Hocking 1993-1996

Flamingo: Jetete
Reported from the Chilean Andes
Shuker 1998d

Macaws: Small sea-green species
Reported from various collections
Thought to be abberant form of known species, or possibly the supposedly extinct glaucous macaw
Shuker 1998d

Lake Monster: "Long-necked sea-lion"
Reported from Argentina
Heuvelmans 1986

Aquatic Reptiles
Resembling ornithopods and/or sauropods
Reported throughout northwestern South America
Heuvelmans 1986

Living Pterosaurs
Reported from eastern Mexico
Shuker 1997

Snake: Giant Anacondas
Reported from the Amazon basin
Heuvelmans 1986

Snake: Crowing crested snake
Reported from Jamaica and Hispaniola
Shuker 1991

Giant Lizard
Reported from Venezuela, similar in size to a large monitor lizard
Eberhart 2002

"Minhocão": surviving glyptodont, big caecilian?
Reported from the Upper Paraguay, Upper Parana, and Uruguay Rivers
Heuvelmans 1986; Shuker 1995b

River Serpent: "Huilla"
Reported from the East Coast River, Trinidad
Heuvelmans 1986

Fish: Giant Fish
Reported from Lake Origuere, Bolivia
Heuvelmans 1986

Fish: Large "toothless" shark, sturgeon, or catfish
Reported by Col. Fawcett in Paraguay River
Shuker 2000b

"Slug-like Snake"
Reported from Paraguayan Chaco
Heuvelmans 1986

Shelled "Serpent" (sachamama)
Reported from Peru
Shuker 2000b

Batrachian: Sapo de loma, giant toad or frog
Reported from Chile and Peru's Andean valleys
Shuker 1998d

Chupacabra (unknown mystery animal?)
Reported from Puerto Rico [turned into urban legend]
Shuker 1996

Cryptozoology: Science and Speculation

Historical Bigfoot Stories

Big Snakes

Great Sea-Serpent

Sea Monsters Unmasked

Blue Tiger

Catching Wild Animals

Lesser Known Mystery Animals

Lake Champlain Mystery

Missionaries and Monsters

Cryptobotany Fiction

Cryptofiction

Cryptofiction